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President: John Pombe Joseph Magufuli
Prime Minister: Kassim Majaliwa Majaliwa
Capital city: Dodoma
Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Population, persons: 56,318,348 (2018)
Area, sq km: 885,800
GDP per capita, US$: 1,051 (2018)
GDP, billion current US$: 58.0 (2018)
GINI index: 40.5 (2017)
Ease of Doing Business rank: 141

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